Kaupeena Panchakam in Tamil

ஏன் கோமனம்

வேதாந்தமும் சித்தாந்தமும் வாழ்க்கை என்றவன்
பிட்சை பாத்திரத்தில் கிடைத்தே உணவு என்றவன்
சுகமும் துக்கமும் சமம் என்றவன்
ஓ கோமணதாரியே நீயே பாக்கியமானவன்

Vedantha Vakhyeshu Sada ramantho,
Bhikshannamathrena trishtimantha,
Vishokamantha karane charantha,
Kaupeenavantha Khalu bhaghyavantha 1

Always thinking about words of philosophy,
Always getting satisfied with food got by begging,
And always without trace of sorrow, thinking of the inner self,
The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.


மரநிழலை ஓய்விடமென வாழ்ந்தவன்
இருகைப்பிடி உணவே போதுமென வாழ்ந்தவன்
காந்தலாடையில் செழிப்பாய் வாழ்ந்தவன்
ஓ கோமணதாரியே நீயே பாக்கியமானவன்

Moolam tharo kevalam ashrayantha,
Panidhvayam bhokthuma manthrayantha,
Kandhamiva sreemapi kuthsayantha,
Kaupeenavantha Khalu bhaghyavantha 2

Always depending on only roots and plants,
Always taking only two hands full of food,
And always thinking of wealth as a torn piece of cloth,
The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.


தன்னிலையில் மகிழ்ந்த மனதை ஆண்டவன்
ஐம்புலன்களையும் அடக்கி ஆண்டவன்
எந்நிலையிலும் பிரம்மாய் ஆனவன்
ஓ கோமணதாரியே நீயே பாக்கியமானவன்

wananda bhava pari thushti mantha,
Sushantha sarvendriya vruthi mantha,
Aharnisam brahma sukhe ramantha,
Kaupeenavantha Khalu bhaghyavantha 3

Always getting elated in his own thoughts,
Always peacefully controlling all his senses,
And always drowned in the pleasure of Brahmam,
The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.


உடலின் மாற்றங்களை வேறுபட்டு மகிழ்ந்தவன்
உள்ளத்தின் தேடலை ஆத்மாஎன மகிழ்ந்தவன்
ஆதிஅந்தமும் மத்யமும் ஒன்றென மகிழ்ந்தவன்
ஓ கோமணதாரியே நீயே பாக்கியமானவன்

Dehadhi bhavam parivarthayantha,
Swathmana athmanyavalokayantha,
Naantha na Madhyam na bahi smarantha,
Kaupeenavantha Khalu bhaghyavantha 4

Always witnessing his own changes of the body,
Who is seeing himself as his soul,
And who never thinks of ends, middle and outside,
The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.


எங்கும் எதிலும் ப்ரஹமமென களிப்பவன்
தானும் அந்த ப்ரஹமமென களிப்பவன்
சுதந்திரமாய் திரிந்து பிட்சையுண்டு களிப்பவன்
ஓ கோமணதாரியே நீயே பாக்கியமானவன்

Brahmaksharam pavanamucharantho,
Brahmahamasmeethi vibhavayantha,
Bhikshashano dikshu paribramayantha,
Kaupeenavantha Khalu bhaghyavantha 5

Always reciting the name of Brahmam with devotion,
Always thinking that he himself is Brahmam,
And who wanders aimlessly depending on alms obtained,
The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.


Kaupeena Panchakam Of Adi Sankaracharya

Signs of extreme VAIRAGYA !!,
characteristics of AVADHOOTHA !!

This is a very short poem with five stanzas which glorifies the life of a sannyasi (Ascetic). An ascetic in India is supposed to give away all his wealth before entering in to renunciation and get a loin cloth (kaupeena) from his teacher. That would be his only property.

It has religious significance attached to asceticism for the Hindus. Sometimes Lord Shiva himself is depicted wearing Kaupina. Even Lord Murugan of Palani and Hanuman are said to be wearing this garment. Langot or kaupinam is associated with celibacy. Sri Shankaracharya composed a verse called Kaupina Panchakam to assert the significance of asceticism.

It is beautifully sung here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pqrQjiXkpvs

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